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Basic coding

The basics of programming accessible pages rely on using the tools you find in most web development packages.


The first thing to do is to provide alternatives for all elements of a page that may be inaccessible. This means that images should use the alternative text tag (ALT). For JavaScript, you should use the <noscript> tag. Flash animation should have html equivalents and any audio or video should have text transcripts.


If you have forms on your site, do you have textual prompts that are intuitive linked to the input areas. Also does the form allow for tab indexing - namely that you can move around the form using the tab key.


What does the site look like when you switch off the images, and when you change the size of the text, assuming you can do this.

Site Map


Tables are well used in web design, and they are not outlawed by the accessibility laws. Remember to make tables simple - do not nest too many tables in each other, and use the captions and summary facilities.

Contextual text links

If you have links called - 'click here' or 'more' - you will find that people could be confused by the relevancy of the links. Make your links more descriptive and understandable.

Accessibility software

There are two programmes that you can use for free to check the accessibility of your website automatically. These are not fail safe methods, but it may point some areas of non-compliance out to you. These programmes are: